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艺品在线2020精品推荐第5期:清末时期铜烟杆

发布时间:2020-08-09 00:24来源:
抽烟的习惯在中国历时已久,中国人最早的吸烟方式是抽旱烟,把烟丝装入烟锅点燃后,通过连接烟锅和烟嘴的中空管子以吸其烟。明末至清代中期,这种方式流传最广,有些上等的烟

抽烟的习惯在中国历时已久,中国人最早的吸烟方式是抽旱烟,把烟丝装入烟锅点燃后,通过连接烟锅和烟嘴的中空管子以吸其烟。明末至清代中期,这种方式流传最广,有些上等的烟具则是一种身份地位的象征。

The habit of smoking has a long history in China. The earliest way for Chinese people to smoke is to smoke dry tobacco. After the cut tobacco is put into a tobacco pot and ignited, the tobacco is smoked through a hollow pipe connecting the pot and the cigarette holder. From the end of Ming Dynasty to the middle of Qing Dynasty, this method was widely spread, and some high-quality cigarette sets were a symbol of status.

在民间许多地方,便于携带的短烟杆后来逐步发展成为一种类似棍棒工具的长烟杆,既可拨草探路,又可击蛇驱兽,还可拒敌防身。在我国传统武侠小说中,经常出现这样铜头铁杆的烟杆武器。《清朝野史大观》中有记载,在清代朝廷官员里面,抽烟是纪晓岚的三大嗜好之一,其所用的旱烟杆是定做的,且容量很大,有人说一次能装三四两烟丝。这虽有夸张之嫌,但其烟杆在京城中是独一无二的,在全国也属罕见。因此,纪晓岚就有了“纪大烟袋”的绰号。甚至还有学者套用柏拉图的“灵魂层次划分”法,认为香烟是“欲望之烟”、雪茄是“精神之烟”、铜烟杆是“理性之烟”。关于烟与烟杆的说法十分风趣,也总成为人们茶余饭后的谈资。

In many parts of the people, the portable short smoke pole gradually developed into a kind of long smoke stick similar to stick tools. It can not only dig grass to explore the road, but also attack snakes and beasts, and resist the enemy for self-defense. In the traditional martial arts novels of our country, such smoke rod weapons with copper head and iron pole often appear. It is recorded in the unofficial history of the Qing Dynasty that smoking was one of Ji Xiaolan's three hobbies among the officials of the Qing Dynasty. The dry tobacco pole used by him was made to order and had a large capacity. Some people said that it could hold three or four liang of cut tobacco at a time. Although there is a suspicion of exaggeration, it is unique in the capital and rare in the whole country. Therefore, Ji Xiaolan has the nickname of "Jida cigarette bag". Some scholars even apply Plato's "soul level division" method, believing that cigarette is "the smoke of desire", cigar is "smoke of spirit", and copper rod is "smoke of reason". The saying about tobacco and tobacco pole is very interesting, and it always becomes the talk material after dinner.

烟具质地多样,由竹木、陶瓷、铁铝铜等材料制成,其中铜制烟杆至今仍为不可多得的艺术品。据悉,铜质坚韧、轻盈、耐裂、干燥、能抗高热、遇火不燃,点燃之后无异味,长期抚摸之后纹理清晰,光泽耀眼,价值难以言喻。铜制烟杆极为瑰美,轻轻触摸,便能感受到铜烟杆带来的清凉。据专家介绍,此类铜制烟杆存世量极为稀少,具有极高的收藏价值。

Cigarette sets are made of various materials, such as bamboo, ceramics, iron, aluminum and copper. It is reported that the copper is tough, light, crack resistant, dry, resistant to high heat and does not burn in case of fire. It has no peculiar smell after being ignited. After a long time of touching, the texture is clear and the luster is dazzling, and its value is hard to describe. The copper smoke pole is very beautiful. If you touch it gently, you can feel the coolness brought by it. According to experts, this kind of copper tobacco pole is extremely rare and has a high collection value.

 

 

 

 

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